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(Recorded as a legal document in 1829 concerning:- Statutes and proclamations of the Duke of Cornwall, the Crown or the Westminster Parliament requiring the assent and consent of
the Cornish Stannary Parliament)

“ The King to all to whom, &c., greeting. Know ye, that we of our special grace, and of our certain knowledge and mere motion, have pardoned, remised and released, and by these presents do pardon, remise, and release, to Robert Willoughby, Lord de Broke, John Mowne, of Hall, in the County of Cornwall, Esq., (and then follow about 1500 names,)

and to every of them, otherwise called tinners, bounders, or possessors of works of tin, and to the bounder or possessor of any tin-work in the County of Cornwall, who have not or hath not introduced the names of new possessors, or a new possessor of any tin-work newly-bounded, with the names of the works, in the next court of stannary after the bounding aforesaid, showing the names or name of the possessors or possessor of the same works or work, of tin, with the metes and bounds of the said works or work as well in length as in breadth, to the possessors or possessor of any houses or house, called blowing-houses or a blowing-house, in the County of Cornwall, who have not or hath not introduced the number of all and singular the pieces of tin in the Exchequer at Lostwithiel, yearly, at the time of every coinage, with the names or name of all and singular the possessors or possessor of the same houses or house, called blowing-houses or a blowing-house, with the names or name of all and singular the blowers or workers, blower or worker of the same pieces or parcels of tin blown or wrought in the same houses or house, called blowing-houses or blowing-house, at the time of the coinage there, to the tinners or tinner, buyers or buyer of black or white tin, and to the makers or maker of white tin, who have not or hath not introduced the marks or mark of the possessors or possessor of the said tin, in the said Exchequer at Lostwithiel, to be impressed, put, or written in a certain book of signatures or marks, being in the said Exchequer, before the same possessors or possessor shall sign the said tin with the said mark to the tinners or buyers, tinner or buyer of black or white tin, to the changers or changer of the marks or mark of any possessors or possessor so impressed, put or written to the said book of marks, being in the said Exchequer, to the tinners or buyers, tinner or buyer of black tin, to the blowers or workers, blower or worker of false or hard tin, as well with the letter H; as without the letter H; and to the blowers or workers, blower or worker of white tin from their own black tin,

and to every of them, by whatsoever other means or additions of names or occupations they or any of them are or may be known – all transgressions, contempts, impeachments, forfeitures, concealments, fines, pains, imprisonments, amerciaments, debts, and losses adjudged or to be adjudged, abuses, retentions, and offences, against the form of any statutes, ordinances, provisions, restrictions, or proclamations, by us or by our progenitors, &c., whatsoever authority before this time made, &c. (This charter then proceeds to the following effect) – that no statutes, acts, &c., hereafter issuing, to be made within the county aforesaid nor without, to the prejudice or exoneration of the same tinners, workers of black and white tin, &c., or of any persons or person whomsoever meddling with any black or white tin in the county aforesaid, their heirs, or successors, &c., unless there be first thereunto called twenty and four good and lawful men, from the four stannaries within the County of Cornwall, to be elected, &c.

So that no statute, ordinance, provision or proclamation, hereafter to be made by us, our heirs or successors, or by the aforesaid Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall for the time being, or by our council, or the council of our said heirs or successors, or of the said Prince, be made, unless with the assent and consent of the aforesaid twenty and four men, so to be elected and named, &c., and the parties aforesaid, their heirs, &c., shall be hereafter otherwise charged, &c., towards us, our heirs or successors, with any customs, subsidies, or licenses of any tin issuing out of this our Kingdom of England, unless only as other merchants in the same county may be charged, &c., towards us, or have been towards our progenitors, in time of which memory is not, within our ports of London and Southampton, for any customs, subsidies, or licenses of tin issuing out of this our Kingdom of England; but we will, &c., that the aforesaid Robert, John, &c.”,
“ and every of them, merchants of tin, and all other buyers, venders, &c. shall be exonerated, &c., by these presents, from all new impositions, &c., so that the said Robert, John, &c., shall not hereafter be charged in any manner for any customs, &c., of tin out of this our kingdom of England, unless as other native buyers, venders, and merchants are charged, or any native merchant is or hath been charged, towards us and our progenitors, within our said ports of London and Southampton aforesaid; and further, that all pardons, &c., by us pardoned, &c., to the aforesaid Robert, John, &c., and to all other offenders or offender, breakers or breaker, of any statutes, ordinances, proclamations, or provisions, made, edited, or ordained by us or our progenitors, &c., touching any tinners, bounders, possessors, blowers, workers, buyers, venders, merchants of tin, or any other meddling with tin as aforesaid, may and shall be in our next Parliament, &c., authorised; and that all grants by us granted, and all annullings of all statutes, acts, &c., aforesaid, by our grants aforesaid annulled, at the petition and request of the said Robert, John, &c., shall be confirmed in the said Parliament, that as well the same Robert, John, &c., may enjoy all our said grants and annullings, so that all statutes, &c., before made, shall be revoked, annulled, and made void, according to the advice and council of the advisers or adviser of the aforesaid Robert, John, &c., to their best profit and greatest advantage as to them shall seem best to be done, &c.

And further, &c., we have granted, &c., to the aforesaid Robert, John, &c., that no supervision of our customs and subsidies in our County of Cornwall aforesaid, nor any searcher of the same customs and subsidies in the said county, from henceforth and hereafter, shall take for the weighing of any tin issuing out of this our kingdom of England, for his fee, by reason of the weighing of the same tin, so issuing out of our kingdom of England aforesaid, only the same as is given to him, and to all other weighers, by a certain statute, edited in the Parliament of the Lord Edward, late King of England the Third, our progenitor, holden in the fourteenth year of his reign, (that is to say) for every weight of forty pounds, one farthing; and from the weight of forty pounds unto the weight of one hundred pounds, one halfpenny; and for every weight of one hundred pounds, unto the weight of a thousand pounds, one penny, and no more, as in the said statute more fully appears.

And further, we grant that every weigher of tin, in our town of Southampton, for the time being, shall take from every merchant of tin in our County of Cornwall, for the weighing of his tin, brought or hereafter to be brought into our town of Southampton, the same as is given to him by the said statute, and no more.

In witness whereof, &c., Witness the King at Westminster, the twelfth day of July, in the twenty-third year of the reign of King Henry the Seventh. By writ of privy-seal, and of the date, &c. ”.



Tried in The Court of King’s Bench, Westminster - 9 Geo IV – 1829

of the

APPENDIX No. 54, and in evidence pages 143 to 144
TINNERS OF CORNWALL Anno 23 Henry VII (1508)

A Report by George Concanen, London, 1830
by His Lordship’s Permission ”

Certified true copy unabridged and “verbatim” – Cornish Stannary Parliament - 2007
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Police and Equality

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7th November 2007
Stephen Otter,
The Chief Constable,
Devon and Cornwall Constabulary,

Dear Sir,

The apparent toleration of unequal rights in the English legal system

It is contended that the British public has been denied the otherwise world wide constitutional or statutory public right to enforce compliance with the principle of equality before the law upon those “performing functions within the public administration”. This is not merely a republican aspiration since, the Constitution of the Monarchy of Sweden, Chapter 1 Article 9, provides, “Courts, public authorities and others performing functions within the public administration shall observe in their work the equality of all persons before the law and shall maintain objectivity and impartiality”....
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The Ballad of Hugh Rowe

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In the sunset bar at Lowender Perran there we performed. Remember the police took away from Hugh Rowe’s flat three Cornish flags, a John Angarrack book and Cornish language tapes...
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On Sunday, 14 October, 2007 the Commission for a Single Written Form of Cornish announced their decision, recommending that the Single Written Form be a compromise orthography between Kernewek Kemmyn (KK) and Kernowak Standard (KS), building on Kernewek Dasunys (KD). KD was considered a suitable basis for a Single Written Form because it is the most open and accommodating of the submitted orthographies. The designers purposely left a number of parameters open to discussion so that speakers of all varieties of Cornish could have input on what the future SWF will look like.
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When i lived in Cymru they have clear signs on there borders that show England And wales when you cross over there borders.
Why cant we do that on the tamar bridge ???

Why arnt are road signs in Cornish as well ??
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"Ignorance of the law is no defence"

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An arresting question of racial discrimination.

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The Daily Telegraph, in its Business section of 21st September 2007, observes:
“Northern Rock nationalised by state guarantee”. This astute observation was made within seven days of the government’s commitment. However, after almost seven centuries, no English institution has as yet been sufficiently objective to admit that the Duchy of Cornwall is in fact guaranteed by the state and therefore ‘nationalised’ for the benefit of the heir to the throne, who since 1337, claimed ownership of the Stannaries and operated as the government of Cornwall. In the case of the Duke of Cornwall a state guaranteed income has long since been in place for one person rather than for the public in general as for Northern Rock.

Also on 21st September 2007, The Guardian, Diary, Hugh Muir, observes; During a combative question and answer session, she (Barbara Follett, the equalities minister), admitted she was reacting to a document on the Commission for Racial Equality which she had not read. Still, at least she turned up. Harriet Harman, the secretary of state for equality, didn’t show at all”.
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With the English education system encouraging English nationalism, the exploitation of Cornwall has been acceptable to English people while the absence from English law of the international right to an enforceable equality before the law is accepted to protect Duchy privileges from an effective legal challenge. The result is that the Duke of Cornwall’s fortune from Cornish assets continues to relieve English people from sharing the responsibility of paying, through taxation, for their enjoyment of the privilege of having an heir to the throne.
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As a result of war time experiences, the English education system evolved a core policy of encouraging aggressive English nationalism as an antidote. The unjustifiable continuation of this policy appears to motivate former students as politicians, public officials and police to adopt the, ultimately self-defeating, policy of satisfying a need for an enemy. The Celts have often been used to give vent to this psychological fantasy. Cornish people appear to be included in the alien activity list for investigating the history of Cornwall and claiming the right to exist as a national minority. English people in power apparently do not know that their official policies often entail the denial of English laws as well as Human Rights law and the international laws of the United Nations.

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Consultation draft – People, Places and Spaces

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Seneth an Stenegow Kernow


Stannary Information Office
9, coombe park,
bal lake
, camborne,
tr14 ojg kernow , G.B

phone - 01209-710938
The Stannaries are part of the territorial possessions of the Duchy of Cornwall by Charters of 1337/8

Culture South West, 10th August 2007
Sterling House,
Dix’s Field,
Exeter, Devon EX1 1 QA Fax:- 01392-229395 1 of 2

Dear Sir/Madam,

Consultation draft – People, Places and Spaces

Objection to the inclusion of Cornwall as part of Culture South West

Thank you for a copy of ‘People, Places and Spaces’ sent on 7th August 2007 giving advice to submit a response by Friday 10th August 2007.

We understand that the constitutional position is that nothing is done by any government sponsored or official body without statutory authority.

The draft support for the fossilised World Heritage Jurassic Coast coupled with the exclusion from the draft of an achievement by humanity as represented by the Cornish Mining World Heritage, raises the question:-

Has Parliament authorised the suppression of Cornish Culture? Please provide references to the relevant statutory authority.

You will no doubt have noted that there are compliance rules for the establishment and management of all World Heritage sites, including Jurassic Coast, as stipulated by UNESCO in its NARA Authenticity Document.

Article 4 of the NARA Authenticity Document includes an appropriate warning:-

“In a world that is increasingly subject to the forces of globalisation and homogenisation, and in a world in which the search for cultural identity is sometimes
pursued through aggressive nationalism and the suppression of the cultures of minorities, the essential contribution made by the consideration of authenticity in conservation practice is to clarify and illuminate the collective memory of humanity.”

Are the UNESCO principles of ‘authenticity’ practiced by Culture South West?

Is Cornwall and the Cornish, of pre-England Celtic ethnic origins, considered by Culture South West to be part of “the collective memory of humanity”?
Until serious and fundamental amendments are made, any independent observer would conclude that the draft document for Culture South West, in its stated ‘priorities’, is nothing short of “aggressive” English “nationalism” to achieve “the suppression of the cultures of minorities”, in this case, Cornish culture. It would also be noted that there is indifference to the law as reflected in the provisions of the EU Race Directive 2000/43/EC, transposed as Statutory Instrument No.1626 of 2003, and the Human Rights Act 1998, apparently encouraged by the exclusion of a statutory guarantee of equality before the law from English law.

Our objection is even further substantiated by the reluctance shown in the draft to implement the principles set out in Article 5, of the NARA document:-

“The diversity of Cultures and heritage in our world is an irreplaceable source of spiritual and intellectual richness for all humankind”.

The UNESCO reference to ‘diversity’ sends a clear message of support for the culture of the Cornish national minority and their right to exist and be recognised as a national minority. Has Culture South West any objection to co-existing with British culture as represented by the Cornish and its language listed by the European Community as one of the lesser used languages of Europe?

It is contended that UNESCO expects the English national majority to demonstrate an element of common human civility towards the Cornish or surrender any legitimate claim to have an authentic World Heritage site anywhere in England.

Historically, England excludes the Duchy of Cornwall which, under its three unrepealed charters of 1337/8, grants the incumbent Duke the right to exercise, in Cornwall only: “The Kings writ and summons of exchequer and attachments”.
The Crown Estate is involved, ( ), that is, except in Cornwall, but, why is the Duchy of Cornwall given no place in Culture South West?

It is contended that the current structural differences between the public Crown Estate provisions for English people and the privileges of the private Duchy of Cornwall estate in Cornwall expose a cultural legacy of collective punishment and bias against the Cornish national minority on the part of the representatives of the English national majority. This situation is incompatible with modern concepts of cultural and political integrity and should, therefore, be rectified.

To avoid repetition, please accept our wholehearted support for the detailed submission made to Culture South West by The Cornish Gorsedd.

Finally, if Parliament intends the suppression of Cornish culture, please quote the statutory reference, or, you are respectfully requested to prepare a revised draft “to clarify and illuminate the collective memory of humanity” in Britain.

Yours faithfully,

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