Should the Cornish have a legal right to exist as a national minority? YES/NO
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Thursday, October 09 2008 @ 10:45 AM BST|
Contributed by: Admin
|(Excluded from the English schools history curriculum in denial of cultural diversity)|
WHD - The title:- “Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape”.
The Cornish Mining World Heritage Nomination Document (WHD) is available at www.cornish-mining.org.uk - downloads – nomination. The site does not give page numbers which are here included for each applicable section to facilitate cross reference. Section 1 – page 1 to 18; section 2 – page 18 to 46; section 3a-b-c-d-e – page 123 to 178 and section 4- page 180 – 237.
WHD - The Cornish and West Devon Mining sites of World Heritage importance.
(WHD p.61 to 70)
St. Just; Port of Hayle;
Tregonning; Gwinear & Trewavas; Wendron;
Camborne and Redruth; Gwennap; Devoran; Perran & Kennal
St Agnes; Luxulyan Valley and Charlestown;
Caradon Tamar Valley & Tavistock.
AA - The East side of the Tamar River Valley and Tavistock are in West Devon. West Devon – was part of Kernow/Cornwall up to 936AD when King Athelstan is on record as having expelled the Cornish from Devon and they “were compelled to accept the river Tamar as their boundary”. (Anglo-Saxon England, Professor F.M. Stenton, Clarendon Press, 1947, p.337).
AA - Historically, the mines of Devon and Cornwall were administered separately by separate royal charters of 1305. “It is possible that the motives for the separation of the Cornish tinners from those of Devon in matters of administration were based on racial differences. While the Devon tinners apparently sprang from Anglo-Saxon stock, the miners of Cornwall formed a remnant of the Celtic race” (The Stannaries, G.R. Lewis, Harvard University, USA, 1908, p.85). Under English medieval law, the indigenous Cornish were charged the customary double tax for ‘foreigners’ on tin production in Cornwall up to the Coinage Abolition Act of 1838. (WHD 124). The tax on Devon production was levied at the basic rate for Anglo-Saxons.
AA - Children in Tonbridge are instructed that: “There are still quite a lot of Celts living in the British Isles today. They live mainly in Wales, Cornwall and Scotland”. (www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk).
AA - Whereas in Kent the Celts are considered to be ‘living’ and modern, in Cornwall, where they actually do live, they are presented as “early Celts” (English history curriculum) and “Celtic Britons” (WHD p.18). If it is possible to get it right in Kent, then every school in Cornwall should have the freedom to get it right.
CORNISH - AN ORIGINAL BRITISH CULTURE
WHD – (World Heritage Document) - The NARA (UNESCO) Document on Authenticity – all cultures and societies are rooted in tangible and intangible expression which constitute their heritage and these should be respected. (WHD p.183). ‘Integrity’ the holistic understanding of the Cornish mining landscape. (WHD p.38).
WHD - Introduction. “The region has four millennia of history and tradition in metalliferous mining but it is for the 200 years from the early 18th century that its people and resources played such a vital role in the expansion of British and worldwide industrialisation resulting in the widespread export of innovative technological expertise and defined mining culture across the UK and overseas.” The Rt. Hon. Tessa Jowell MP., Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport.
WHD – The region’s ancient mining history was founded on the expertise gained in the working of tin and other metal ores by the Celtic Britons and the organisation of the medieval Stannaries. (WHD page 18).
WHD – Cornish mining transformed both the region’s landscape and its society over a period of four millennia. The ‘industrial Celts. (WHD p.42).
WHD - Cornwall and Devon was Britain’s only indigenous tin resource.
WHD - Tin trade before the Roman invasion. (WHD p. 124).
AA - A reminder of pre-Roman trade in tin, Britain’s first export orientated industry which deteriorated into people export through an enforced Cornish homeland exodus.
WHD - The Greek explorer, Pytheas of Massillia is quoted as observing on his visit to Cornwall c.303BC that the natives work the tin in an ingenious manner.
AA - Cornwall 303BC – The WHD deliberately excludes the reference made in the same passage by the Greek explorer affirming that, the people of Belerion, or the Cornish “were civilised” owing to their contact with traders from other lands. (The Extraordinary Voyage of Pytheas the Greek, Professor Barry Cunliffe, Oxford University, 2002, page 74).
AA - Apparently, English Heritage is prone to downgrading Cornish culture by instigating an arbitrary revision of British history without reference to the scholars of Oxford University.
THE GLOBAL CORNISH
WHD - The World Heritage committee has acknowledged thematic imbalances in the World Heritage site List and recognises the significance of the Industrial Revolution for all humankind. (WHD page 23).
WHD - (World Heritage Document) - Foreword - “Industrialisation is one of Britain’s most significant and lasting contributions to global society. The industrial sites selected for inclusion in the 1999 tentative list were carefully chosen because they were fundamental to the development of modern society as outstanding places representative of the origins and development of industrialisation, of processing and manufacture, developments in transport and virtuosity in civil engineering”. Sir Neil Cossons, Chairmen, English Heritage.
WHD – Cornwall was among the earliest fully industrialised economy in the world. (WHD p.134).
WHD - The World Heritage Site is an intrinsic part of that greater landmark of human history known as the industrial revolution. It played a key role in the growth of global capitalist economy. (WHD p. 45)
WHD – Across the globe the Cornish introduced an efficient, highly structured and capital-intensive method of mining on a scale not seen before. (WHD 156)
WHD - The Cornish mining industry also played a leading role in the diffusion of both metal mining and steam technology around the globe. (WHD page 18). Cornwall became one of Europe’s major emigration regions with perhaps over 200,000 people leaving in the century after 1830. (WHD page 21). Cornwall lost between a quarter and half a million people in the 19th century. (WHD p. 156)
WHD – Global migration. In the 1860,s and 1870’s, when tin prices were also in recession the Cornish had a ready made option. They left. (WHD page 21).
AA – Migration on such a large scale was in fact an enforced Cornish exodus.
WHD - Cornwall pioneered the transfer of the British industrial revolution overseas. (WHD p. 18 & 39). Engine Houses in Mexico, Australia, Eire, South Africa. Spain (WHD p.36). USA (WHD p.157). Pumps in Holland. (WHD p.33).
WHD - By 1800, however, Cornwall had become a scientific and intellectual powerhouse. (WHD p.150). The nominated site is an intrinsic part of that greater landmark of human history known as ‘the industrial Revolution’. Cornish mining made substantial technological, social and economic contributions to the British industrial revolution and it was Cornish mining which made pioneering use of industrial practices overseas. (WHD p.45).
WHD - This occurred as a crucial formative period in the development of modern industrial society and played a key role in the growth of a global capitalist society. (WHD p.45). After the First World War Cornish miners abroad were increasingly replaced by native labour. (WHD p. 157).
WHD – Cornwall, during the eighteenth and much of the nineteenth century was somewhat remote in terms of communication with ‘England’ and under-developed in education and public services. (WHD – page 150).
AA – The WHD affirms that the global transfer of mining technology was ‘British’ whereas it is claimed by the BBC as “Roots of England”. Another case of seeking popularity and downgrading the Cornish without reference to Oxford University.
WHD - Cornwall’s world-class export market in mining equipment, particularly the Cornish engine and boilers. (WHD p.156).
AA - Cornwall produced 95% of all tin produced. (The Stannaries, G.R. Lewis,
WHD - Developed world-famous pioneer submarine mines. (WHD p.72). 3,000 Engine houses built. (p.137).
Cornish rock drills exported. ( WHD p. 45).
WHD – The acme development of steam – the Cornish beam pumping engine. (WHD page 31, 45 & p.136).
WHD - Pioneer steam pumping technology (WHD p. 132).
WHD - Cornish rolls (Copper crusher) and Cornish boiler. (WHD page 50).
WHD - William Murdoch’s invention of gas lighting. (WHD p. 41).
WHD - Richard Trevithick – statue in Camborne – Holding a model of his road locomotive which made its first run ‘up Camborne hill’ on Christmas eve, 1801. This was the first full-sized locomotive in the world. (WHD p.96). High pressure steam powered locomotive. ( pages 39+40+136). (Full page portrait, WHD p. 17).
AA - Trevithick’s Cornish invention has been ignored for over 200 years by the Anglo-centric English education system, by Teachers’ Unions, University academics, civil servants and the party politicians at Westminster in order to promote the Englishman, George Stephenson to appeal to English nationalism. Another case of downgrading the Cornish rather than referring to a reliable source of information such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica under ‘Trevithick’.
AA - Stephenson was actually even promoted as the inventor on a five pound note until recently. Presumably, ‘Trevithick’ does not sound English compared with Stephenson. Does it matter?
AA - The front page of The Sunday Times of 1st June 2008 under the heading: “M.P.s, tell Brown to purge Scots”, reports that the government is being advised: “We need to have English voices speaking and giving messages that make sense in English communities”. Delete ‘English’ and insert ‘Cornish’ and such advice would automatically be condemned as racist.
AA - The assertion that we need English names and we need English voices demonstrates consistent, deep-rooted, past and present, institutionalised anti-Celtic bias. The international demand for authenticity and accurate interpretation to achieve cultural diversity and proportionately equal cultural funding did result in the temporary suspension of centuries of censorship in order to secure the World Heritage status. However, having achieved World Heritage status the British government now appears to be in denial of the facts relative to Cornish culture and national minority identity contained in the (WHD) World Heritage Document.
THE CORNISH CULTURE
WHD – (World Heritage Document) - Cornishness continues to have a unique international dimension. (WHD p. 44). Cornwall’s rich cultural life. Global significance – exporting its culture. (WHD page 21).
WHD - Crowst time – pasties – embedded in Cornish mining culture worldwide.
WHD - Semi-independent tinner-smallholders. (WHD p.43).
WHD - The Mining Exchange – Redruth. (WHD p.94).
WHD - Miners and poets. (WHD p.43).
WHD - The Cornish adopted cultural activities which were enjoyed in other parts of industrial Britain, including male voice choirs, brass and silver bands, carol singing and rugby, quintessentially ‘Cornish’ by the 1900s. (WHD p. 43).
AA – Private associations for research into Cornish family history and Cornish family Celtic names and genealogical societies thrive globally. (Also, National Trust Names). Although the Cornish language is officially recognised, the people who can claim it as part of their British heritage are not recognised by the British government. Clearly, an English political interpretation has crept into the autonomous meaning of cultural diversity.
WHD - Perhaps the most visible sign of this development is the flag of St. Piran, the patron saint of Cornish tinners, which is in widespread use. The flag, a white cross on a black background, symbolises the tin metal set in a black background of charcoal ashes as representing contemporary Cornish pride in a sense of identity and inheritance. (WHD p.44).
WHD - Cornish words became commonplace - Cousin Jacks; Wheal, Bal and Bal maidens. Wage systems known as tribute. (WHD p.44). Cornish surnames via place names all derived from the Cornish language, now have an international aspect. (WHD p.42
AA - There is no reference to the Cornish language as Celtic, (Oxford English Dictionary) Celtic/Celts appears only twice in the WHD, p.18 “Celtic Britons” & WHD p.42 “industrial Celts”. There is also no reference to the miracle plays presented at open air ‘rounds’ called ‘plen-an-gwary’. The latest thirteenth century discovery, Bewnans Ke, in play in Cornish which includes Arthurian exploits. This demonstrates the genuine Cornish heritage of Tintagel Castle which has been transferred to English Heritage by the Duchy of Cornwall. A further case of politicians downgrading the Cornish without reference to reliable documentation.
WHD - St. Piran’s flag is also unfurled at events in North America and South Australia connected with a renewed sense of trans-national Cornishness. In this way ‘Cornishness’ continues to have a unique international dimension. A photograph of the flag is included. (WHD p.44).
WHD - Cornwall Record Office; Cornish Studies Library; Royal Institution of Cornwall. (WHD p.167). Local history. (WHD p. 178). Mineral tramways and railways. (WHD p. 145-7)
WHD - Interpretation facilities – 26 within the nominated site areas – museums etc, covering technological innovations and the social impacts. (WHD p.177).
WHD – Mineral collections – Cornish mines produced some of the finest mineral specimens, of certain species, that are known. (WHD – page 155).
AA - The school has been absorbed by Exeter University, and the mineral collections of Camborne School of Mines and Penzance have been taken out of Cornwall. King Edward Mine still functions along with a splendid ‘working machinery’ museum on the surface. There are efforts to recover the mineral collections for the World Heritage Sites. A suspected attempt to downgrade Cornish culture.
WHD - Camborne School of Mines began life in 1896. King Edward Mine was acquired for practical training. (WHD p.151).
WHD - Great Houses includes Tehidy; Carclew; Trengwainton; and Trewidden
etc, (WHD page 151).
AA - Great Houses implying great estates – excludes the seventeen manors of the Duchy of Cornwall.
WHD - The mine engine disaster at Levant Mine and Geevor mine museum,
St.Just. (WHD p.159). South Crofty mine, Pool, Camborne. (WHD p.160)
WHD - Listed Buildings. (Images of England or Listed Buildings on line).
AA - The concept ‘pre-England’ is not used by English academics. In constitutional law both England and Scotland were dissolved and replaced by Britain under the Act of Union with Scotland of 1706.
WHD - The established Church had become too class ridden, too hierarchical, and was failing to respond to basic spiritual needs. Methodist meetings were held in cottages and barns. Cornwall was ultimately well suited to non-conformity. The Church of England had lost the people. (WHD p.149) Cornwall has a higher proportion of Methodist members and chapel goers than any other part of England. (WHD p.43).
AA - Cornish traditions, culture, language and flag are defined by English academics as ‘local’. The Celts are in fact ‘national’ British since they were indigenous to the whole of Britain long before the incursions of the Anglo-Saxons and long before the beginning of the present Christian era 2008 years ago . A further attempt at downgrading Cornish culture.
WHD – Tin used in the manufacture of Church bells and pewter. (WHD p.124).
First discovery of China Clay 1746 – this led to the foundation of the British porcelain industry. (WHD p.82).
THE CORNISH TIN MINING INDUSTRY
WHD – Glossary – STANNARY – Pertaining to tin mines or miners with its roots in the Latin ‘stannum’ (tin); the Stannary Parliament and Stannary courts existed for the administration of justice among the tinners within Cornwall, Devon and elsewhere, and were also courts of record.
WHD – The Stannaries The importance of the tin industry in the medieval period was recognised by the establishment of a special legal framework. It was first enshrined in a charter from King John in 1201 that included a number of pre-existing common law practices. The charter gave privileges to the tinners, and their industry, in return for which they paid a special tax, that was calculated at the time of coinage. From the earliest records in the twelfth century through to abolition in 1838 the tax levied on tin production in Cornwall was at double the rate applied in Devon. (WHD p.124).
WHD - The powers of the Stannary Parliament included the right to veto laws from the Parliament at Westminster and some claim that the powers have fallen into abeyance but have never been repealed. (WHD p.225).
AA - The historic and unique royal CORNISH STANNARY VETO Charter of Pardon 1508 is excluded from the English schools history curriculum. The failure to even question the origins of, and reasons for, the CORNISH right to VETO the permanent English majority of the Westminster Parliament arouses the suspicion of a hidden agenda for the revision of British history and the downgrading of Cornish culture and identity.
AA – The 1508 charter is designed to prevent laws “to the prejudice of tinners” being made applicable to Cornwall. Currently deemed to be Statute in Force and Constitutional law by the Royal Mines Act 1693 as published by Her Majesty’s Stationery Office 1978. The text extends the meaning of ‘tinners’ to include everyone in any way associated with mining.
WHD – The Stannary system of bounding encouraged enterprise, multi-ownership and partnerships intended to produce the greatest profit in the shortest time. (WHD p. 23). Cornwall was one of Europe’s earliest industrial regions. The social structure (engendered by Methodism) enabled mining communities to be relatively independent. (WHD page 20).
WHD - In 1836, the Stannaries Act was successfully promoted at Westminster in order to re-establish the mining courts of the Duchy of Cornwall. (WHD p.151).
AA – It is believed that the classless Cornish Stannary Parliament mining laws created the Cornish spirit of independence and industry. The Stannaries Act of 1836 (WHD p. 151) extended the powers of the Stannaries to cover:- “all metals and metallic minerals in Cornwall in the same way as heretofore over tin”.
WHD – Mining practice in Cornwall was based on Stannary law, a codified version of customary mining traditions which included such practices as the adventurers’ right to ‘bound’ land, in other words to stake a claim to a piece of land for mining purposes without regard for the constraints of normal landed property rights. (WHD page 42 & 220).
AA - ‘Bounding’ is still legal and recognised as a Cornish custom of overriding interest under the Land Registration Act 2002.
WHD – The Stannary courts and Convocation existed in association with the Duchy of Cornwall (the Duchy being an institution which tied Cornwall and parts of Devon into a close relationship with the Crown) and did so for their mutual advantage. (WHD p.42).
WHD - The Stannary system included dedicated courts and a convocation (later a parliament). A main seat of the administration was the elaborate Duchy Palace complex established in the 1290’s in Lostwithiel. Some parts of the Medieval building survive within the planned medieval town. (WHD p.125).
WHD – In 1497 the Cornish revolted against new Stannary laws imposed by Prince Arthur, Duke of Cornwall. As a result the Charters were confiscated, to be renewed by the Charter of Pardon issued in 1508 in return for a payment of £1,000.00. This included the right, through the Stannary Parliament, to veto any statute or proclamation which was ‘to the prejudice’ of the tinners. (WHD p.125).
AA – According the British Library Stannaries Manuscript 6713, folio 136, the Duchy of Cornwall Charters were also confiscated by King Henry VII and both were reinstated by the Charter of Pardon of 1508.
AA - Other sources confirm there were miner-farmers and miner-fishermen which extended the definition of tinner into the overwhelming majority of the population. (Rural Economy and Society in the Duchy of Cornwall 1300-1500, John Hatcher, Cambridge, 1970).
WHD – Tin halfpennies and farthings were introduced by King James II (reigned 1685-1688). In all £10,000.00 worth of tin was purchased, and £65,000.00 worth of coins issued. (WHD p.142).
WHD – Copper coinage. Between 1797 and 1806, 4,200 tons of two penny pieces, pennies, halfpennies and farthings were produced (equivalent to around one year’s production of metal from the Cornish mines. (WHD p.143).
AA – Extensive profits were made through the minting of tin and copper coins. In the case of tin this often arose through the King’s right to the pre-emption of tin. Since the King/Duke already claimed ownership of the tin itself through ownership of the Stannaries by charter of 1337, Lord Coke’s authoritative observation in his ‘Case of the Stannaries’ that, it would be ‘absurd’ for the King to claim the right to purchase his own tin, can hardly be denied.
THE DUCHY OF CORNWALL
(Managed by the Heir to the Throne and the Lord Warden of the Stannaries)
WHD - The Stannary courts and Convocation existed in association with the Duchy of Cornwall (the Duchy being an institution which tied Cornwall and parts of Devon into a close relationship with the Crown) and did so for their mutual advantage. (WHD p.42). Ownership – Duchy of Cornwall –Tamar Valley. (WHD p.180-181).
AA - Since the Crown has had a constitutional “special relationship” with Cornwall for many centuries (Royal Commission on the Constitution 1973) it is essential to consider whether the association with the Duchy of Cornwall has been discontinued for undeclared reasons. Has the decision led the government to reject Cornwall’s case for inclusion in the Council of Europe’s human rights provision of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. Consequently, it is felt necessary to investigate the possible meanings and consequences of being, or, then not being, placed in permanent “close relationship” with the Crown and Duchy of Cornwall.
WHD – When the Duchy of Cornwall was established in 1337, coinage formed a significant source of revenue. The Duchy was also probably the largest single mineral lord in the south-west. Most of the fundus (river-bed) of the principal rivers, and some of the estuaries, were owned by them, and considerable royalties were gained from tin-streaming activities in those areas. (WHD p.125).
WHD - The foreshore of Cornwall was awarded to the Duchy of Cornwall in 1858, by which it was entitled to royalties on any minerals produced. (WHD p.151).
WHD - The chief officer of the Duchy is the Lord Warden of the Stannaries. (WHD p.125).
WHD - The Duchy of Cornwall coinage stamp. After smelting, tin ingots were submitted to the Coinage Hall by the producer. There, a corner, or’coin’ was removed and assayed. On receipt of the tax, tin of the approved purity was struck by the Hammerman with the ‘Duchy coinage stamp’. (WHD p.142).
WHD - The second and final smelting took place at a Blowing house in a Stannary Town for taxation purposes. (WHD p.125).
AA – The monarchy of Sweden provides a one stop written constitution with a guarantee that: “Courts and public authorities shall observe in their work the equality of all persons before the law”. This basic principle applies across Europe and America to facilitate the resolution of historical anti-social habits. Without regard to the consequences, lack of transparency in government and education has led to fear of change which in turn has generated intolerance, bias and racial discrimination against those Cornish people who assert their international right to hold on to their Celtic roots despite centuries of “relationship” with the Duchy of Cornwall. “The Future of Culture” needs a climate of transparency and unqualified cultural diversity for one and all “including the cultures of persons belonging to minorities”.
Thursday, September 04 2008 @ 11:02 PM BST|
Contributed by: Admin
|BBC accused of identity theft by the Cornish|
Wednesday, September 03 2008 @ 07:43 PM BST|
Contributed by: Anonymous
| BBC accused of identity theft by the Cornish|
3,000 years of Cornish tin
Under its royal charter the BBC is required to “inform and educate”. In its “Nation on Film” series there is a sub-heading: “ The Rise and Fall of the Tin Mining Industry of Cornwall”. It is divided into sections, one of which is entitled: “History of Cornish Mining – Roots of England”. There is also a reference to “3,000 years of tin mining”. There is no reference to the fact that it was the Cornish and they were exporting tin to Europe 3,000 years ago. The English arrived in Britain 1500 years ago, so, the association of “Roots of England” with “3,000 years of tin mining” is an attempt to back date the English presence in Britain.
There is no democratic or chronological reason to convert Cornish tin into English tin.
Cornish Mining is World Heritage
The BBC’s charter duties of “inform and educate”, “independence and best practice” and “bringing the UK to the world” appear to be treated at best as optional. A remit to ‘inform’ apparently authorises the use of: “some Cornish miners emigrated” out of context and without reference to the failure to invest in Cornwall on the part of the Duke of Cornwall, (who made a legal claim to be the government of Cornwall in 1858), and ignoring the well documented Cornish exodus of up to half a million people from 1830-1870.
The conversion and adoption of Celtic history, now reflected in the Cornish Mining World Heritage status, is being presented as if it were the genuine “Roots of England”, clearly, for racial advantage.
Historically, English roots are in Saxony since the English language is on record everywhere as one of the Germanic languages. The BBC is evidently programmed to support the government’s ten year policy of excluding the Cornish from the Council of Europe’s human rights Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities. The public is being deliberately misinformed that Cornish Celtic traditions, history and identity are English.
The Cornish Celtic Britons
To “inform and educate” the www.mining-heritage.org.uk web site reveals evidence of the Cornish traditions that created World Heritage Mining status for Cornwall. The Cornish as “Celtic Britons” has been agreed by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport in the World Heritage Nomination Document accepted by UNESCO. Copies have not been sent to schools or libraries in Cornwall. It would appear that the Nomination Document is being ignored in order to misrepresent Cornish mining as English despite the inclusion of comprehensive uncensored facts about Cornwall and the Cornish in order to meet the authenticity rules necessary for acceptance by UNECSO. The Cornish, their language and surnames are Celtic. (National Trust Names).
As in the case of the language, the government gives only nominal support to Cornish heritage but has still not officially recognised the national minority who can claim the language as part of their heritage.
The state aided BBC
The “Public services” of the BBC Charter are not tuned in to the exposure of deficiencies in human rights in Britain or in delving into the reason for the inalienable rights and Crown immunities of the few. . By law, discrimination against the Cornish would be classified as “inappropriate services”, or, “the provision of services inconsistent with the Charter”, i.e., services not eligible for state aid. (www.recon.co.uk/State_aid_law and_the_BBC. ‘Contestable state aid by the back door’ – E.U.Treaty Articles 86 & 87, fiscal monopolies).
If it looks like government propaganda………..
The BBC is experienced in propaganda. The Guardian of 26th August 2008, reports on the role of the BBC in: “Britain’s secret propaganda war against al-Qaida”. “Sir Richard Mottram, the former chair of the joint intelligence committee, in talking about the attempt to undermine the ideology of al Qaida, said it had to be done without looking like government propaganda”. “If it looks too much like government propaganda then I don’t think people are going to listen, nor should they”. This confession has destroyed BBC independence. Care is needed to avoid destroying democracy and media independence in countering terrorism.
Beyond democratic control
There has presumably been no “D” notice to prevent ‘The Guardian’ from publishing this propaganda leak. So, it looks like a planned leak. Anti-terrorist BBC propaganda is presumed to be acceptable to the public even though there is no authority for the promotion of any form of government controlled propaganda in the BBC’s Royal Charter.
It would appear that a royal charter is preferred to an Act of Parliament, since a charter is apparently considered fit for purpose in placing potentially illegal BBC/UK government propaganda beyond democratic control. Anti-terrorism propaganda appears to be a mere add on to the long established illegal government use of the BBC charter for truly secret propaganda against its own people.
We believe that this includes denying the right of the indigenous Cornish Celtic people to exist as a national minority.
The BBC public service seems designed for “Roots of England” cultural uniformity presumed to be more acceptable to the English majority than being “informed and educated” about Cornwall, the Duchy of Cornwall and its disputed claim to an inalienable private estate. The unacceptable conclusion for England and the BBC is, that to claim both an inalienable “private estate” and “the government of Cornwall” by Charter of 1337 in the form of “the Kings writ and Summons of Exchequer throughout Cornwall only”, translates into seven centuries of ‘a private income by Duchy government’ for one person imposed on Cornwall with further proceeds invested in estates outside Cornwall.
The only acknowledgement is the suppression of the Cornish identity and culture. Clearly, something to hide.
The freedom to create secret domestic propaganda and private government is made possible against the background of no written constitution and no guarantee of equality before the law in English law. The BBC excels at silent propaganda by failing to ‘inform and educate’ that the British public is also denied Article 13 and Protocol 12 of the European Convention of Human Rights, (An effective remedy against violations and discrimination by persons in power), and the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. None of these are included in the Human Rights Act 1998 or the Equality Act 2006.
By the exclusion of equality before the law from English law state funding for English culture and none for Cornish culture is designed to eliminate the Cornish identity and annex Cornish cultural property as English with impunity.
The democratic deficit.
To self-correct the democratic deficit by accepting established international law as part of British law in a one stop written constitution would prove an effective remedy to control state sponsored propaganda against its own citizens and a deterrent against international terrorism.
Members of the Cornish national minority are in the invidious position of receiving demands for the payment of a BBC TV licence which will ensure that they look at and listen to propaganda against themselves. This is a clear abuse of democratic power and the rule of law by the representatives of the permanent English national majority in the Westminster Parliament, which includes, Ministers of state. They all swear allegiance to the Crown.
Promoting English nationalism through deprivation in Cornwall
The BBC is a state aided body trading on its past reputation in its portrayal of the nineteenth century enforced exodus of Cornish mining families as if their plight were an English gift of mining expertise to the world! It may be popular to tell tall stories about the “Roots of England” and the Monarchy rather than “inform and educate” concerning the Stannaries, Celtic Cornwall and the state aided Duchy of Cornwall of the English Heirs to the Throne.
For centuries the Duchy has exploited Cornwall, its tin and land to avoid the Westminster Parliament imposing taxation on the English majority to provide the Duke with an income. There is no principle of ‘inform and educate’ to expose a twenty first century version of feudalism amounting to a Duchy dictatorship.
Cornwall has every right to expect that Duchy land in Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly is put into a Cornish trust to provide affordable housing for local people.
The BBC pacification programme
The BBC management appears to be motivated by English nationalist envy at the continuing existence of the Cornish as a Celtic people in a land they consider to be part of England. The employees innocently reflect in their work that which they have been taught to believe by the biased English education system that shows no toleration for diversity when it comes to the Cornish.
Omissions, half truths, assumptions and innuendo are being substituted for the facts to facilitate the suppression and acquisition of the Cornish Celtic culture and identity.
Investigative journalism by the BBC has been conspicuously tongue tied regarding the official manipulation of the Census records, central planning, grant aid, local tax regulations and infrastructure shortfalls accepted in order to facilitate the transfer of English people into the Cornish peninsula for first and second homes with scant housing rights for the Cornish. The houses abandoned after being built on mineshafts and the sewerage that pollutes bathing waters. Meanwhile, Cornish Mining World Heritage sites are under threat from building speculators.
English nationalism is aggressive by UNESCO standards
The BBC has not reported on UNESCO’s warning on Authenticity, NARA 1994, which reveals at Article 4, “the search for cultural identity is sometimes pursued through aggressive nationalism and the suppression of the cultures of minorities” Unfortunately, NARA reflects the English majority/Cornish minority relationship. This assertion is substantiated by many examples. The state controlled schools history curriculum which, for 200 years, has ignored the Cornishman Trevithick as the inventor of the steam locomotive and made false claims to promote the Englishman Stephenson. Cornish applicants for adult education courses are required to declare themselves as English. The Police do not accept Cornish as an ethnic group.
Contrary to popular opinion, there are only British passports for British citizens, there are no English passports. Britain has no state funded British Heritage organisation, only English Heritage. Neither the concept England or English was known to the Romans in Britain. Stonehenge was not built by the English. At the time of Christ Britain was all Celtic.
Secret propaganda against an indigenous British people can be nothing but aggressive nationalism.
Ethnic cleansing by state television
There is evidence of a programme of racial discrimination secreted within BBC/UK government ‘educational’ productions aspiring to achieve world acclaim. The Cornish identity, as an object of identity theft, appears to be coordinated with English Heritage, English Nature, the Department of Education in its schools curriculum for history and the Department of Communities and Local Government in respect of the denial of the Framework Convention. The object of the exercise centres upon the acquisition or Anglicisation of four thousand years of Cornish Celtic history, mining traditions and culture for and on behalf of the English national majority and to protect Duchy of Cornwall history from public enquiry.
To accept without question the official version of the nearly 700 year history of the Duchy of Cornwall exposes the grovelling subservience and deference normally associated with slavery. South Africa was able to foster apartheid by abusing the rule of law undisciplined by equality before the law. The suspicion is aroused that a Royal Prerogative Charter, not only avoids democratic control, but is apparently considered the ideal vehicle to exploit the rule of law in an attempt to present to the world as ‘legal’ the ethnic cleansing of the Cornish and their history by state aided BBC television and sound propaganda.
The Israeli problem with the BBC
We are not alone in our concerns. We can understand why many readers of ‘The Jerusalem Post’ accuse the BBC of lies and propaganda. Also, the ‘World Net Daily’ reports: “Israel has barred its officials from appearing on the BBC and visa restrictions have been imposed on BBC journalists”. The Cornish Stannary Parliament is virtually barred from appearing on the BBC. The BBC has been informed that they have no idea of the meaning of impartiality.
BBC silent on exporting propaganda methods
For the BBC/UK government the indigenous Celtic Cornish have no right to exist as a national minority. This is a state sponsored attack on its own people. The BBC may divert attention from the home front by self-righteously joining the international community in exposing the Chinese propaganda that denies Tibetan human rights, but, it fails in its charter duty to ‘inform and educate’ the British public, that, the Chinese have adopted the BBC modus operandi for state propaganda designed to protect those in power.
Who stands to gain most?
It is contended that the BBC’s royal charter is intended to afford preferential treatment for royal personages. The Duke of Cornwall therefore has most to gain from the BBC’s long term propaganda programme. The evidence suggests that this includes the ethnic cleansing of the Cornish ethnic minority. The Stannaries, the Cornish tin mining governing body, is claimed as part of the territorial possessions of the Duke, as heir to the throne, by virtue of royal charters of 1337/8.
Apart from the claim to be a private estate since joining the Common Market, nothing has changed since 1337, even though, the Royal Mines Act 1688, still in force, declares: “no mine of tin shall be adjudged, reputed or taken to be a royal mine”. This Act applies throughout the United Kingdom, except Cornwall.
The BBC has failed to ‘inform’ that such Acts of Parliament suggest that Cornwall is not part of England.
The Duke of Cornwall has authority to control or intervene in UK judicial and legislative proceedings. The Duke and the Duchy of Cornwall are entitled to intestate estates, bona vacantia and the foreshore and rivers of Cornwall with exemption from Enforcement Proceedings, Leasehold Reform, Compulsory Purchase and Freedom of Information legislation, etc. It is not known whether the Duchy of Cornwall, state aided by judicial and legislative support and claiming an inalienable private estate and the government of Cornwall, controls BBC propaganda programmes directed against its own people.
If the conviction that illegal state propaganda exists in Britain is considered to be a figment of the Cornish imagination, then let this be proved wrong by the present Duke of Cornwall publicly declaring his recognition of the Cornish as a Celtic national minority in addition to renouncing all Duchy claims to the land, minerals, Stannaries and government of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly.
The taste of freedom
While America claims the ability to self-correct and former communist countries attempt to self-correct, nothing is apparently wrong with England perpetuating feudal powers to exploit the Cornish national minority behind a veritable Chinese wall of royal charters, Crown immunities and BBC propaganda archive material.
“If you want the taste of freedom, keep going” Senator Hillary Clinton.
(Speech to the Democratic Convention, Denver, USA, 26th August 2008).
Please help us put an end to BBC/UK government sponsored illegal propaganda against its own people, the Cornish national minority. We appeal to all fair and open minded people around the globe to keep going for the taste of freedom. Keep going by sending your contribution towards legal action against the British Broadcasting Corporation. They must be stopped from exploiting state aid and Crown immunity to promote bias and racial discrimination. The BBC must be stopped from upsetting our friends everywhere by failing to exercise their Charter duties of integrity and independence.
Please make donation cheques payable to the Cornish Stannary Parliament at Coombe Park, Camborne, Cornwall, GB-TR14 0JG. Thank you - Murrasta why.
www.cornishstannaryparliament.org e-mail:- firstname.lastname@example.org
Sunday, August 17 2008 @ 08:47 PM BST|
Contributed by: Admin
|The all inclusive Olympic Games in China encourages competition between participant nations to give priority to diversity as united nations under one set of international rules and judges accepted by all nations. The objective correspondents and media experts of the United Kingdom should be persuaded to look beyond the stage managed strobe dazzle of Magna Charta in the same way as they have gone behind the scenes of the opening ceremony laid on by the Chinese.|
Sunday, July 06 2008 @ 07:24 PM BST|
Contributed by: Admin
|UNITED NATIONS RECOGNISES CORNISH IDENTITY|
A REPORT on Cornish Heritage from 1508 to 2008
The CSP has produced a Report on how the Charter of Pardon 1508 led to the Cornish Mining World Heritage status being awarded by UNESCO. The Report quotes many of the passages from “The Cornish Mining World Heritage Nomination Document”, (marked WHD) approved by Cornwall County Council, English Heritage, the British government and UNESCO. Unfortunately, the WHD was a limited edition and is now only available at www.cornish-mining.org.uk. When re-assembled from the WHD format for the description of the ten World Heritage sites, into a Cornwall wide Cornish heritage evolution Report, the WHD entries can be seen to confirm an ancient and modern separate Cornish identity and culture. Why then, has the documentary recognition of Cornish identity in the WHD, made by the Cornwall Council, English Heritage and the British government in order to secure acceptance as World Heritage by the United Nations, not since been adopted as official government policy? Commentaries by the Cornish Stannary Parliament are included under the heading Authenticity Assessment, (marked AA). A full REPORT is available from www.cornish-heritage.net at £5.00 each plus p & p.
There are 10 chapters, beginning with:-
1. THE INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENT
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) accepted Cornish Mining and culture as World Heritage based on the Nomination Bid Document submitted to UNESCO by the UK. At the preparatory stage the various interested parties represented on the Partnership Meetings at Truro were reluctant to include important details on Cornish history and culture in the Nomination Document. Some progress was, however made, when the Cornish Stannary Parliament (CSP) representative presented the Partnership meetings with a copy of the UNESCO Document on Authenticity, NARA, (WHD p.183) and asserted the necessity of strict compliance to ensure the success of the Cornish Mining World Heritage Nomination Bid Document. (WHD). (Report p.1).
On ‘authenticity’ UNESCO warns:- “The search for cultural identity is sometimes pursued through aggressive nationalism and the suppression of the cultures of minorities”. In addition to ‘authenticity’, UNESCO requires observance of the “Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage”, of 1972, ratified by the British government in 1984. (WHD p. 183) Article 1, requires “ethnological” aspects to be considered as “cultural heritage”, also “identification” which can only mean the accurate identification of the origins and identity of the culture of the people concerned. (Report p.1).
The successful World Heritage Document (WHD) reveals that the government has been obliged to comply with the complete UNESCO package by including a substantial recognition of the Celtic ethnological dimension as an integral part of Cornish history culture, achievements, traditions and identity in order to ensure the authentic achievement of World Heritage status. (Report p.1).
If the principles of ‘authenticity’, ‘identification’, and ‘ethnology’ were now, as a matter of honesty and principle, to be applied across the whole spectrum of the government’s administrative functions, there would be no grounds for the continuing exclusion of the Cornish, ethnologically Celtic national minority, from the Council of Europe’s Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities by the Department of Communities and Local Government. (Report p.1).
Further extracts from the 30 page REPORT (WHD quotes in bold) include:-
AA – (Authenticity Assessment) There is much more to Cornwall which could have been added to the WHD to emphasise the authentic distinction between Cornish Celtic culture and English Anglo-Saxon culture if the number of pages in the WHD had been extended by only a few beyond the final 234 pages. (Report p.6)
WHD – “The Cornish mining industry also played a leading role in the diffusion of both metal mining and steam technology around the globe. (WHD p.18). By 1800 Cornwall had become a scientific and intellectual powerhouse. (WHD p.150). Cornwall became one of Europe’s major emigration regions….after 1830”. (WHD page 21). “Cornwall lost between a quarter and half a million people in the 19th century”. (WHD p. 156). (Report p.9 to 11)
AA - The ’lasting contributions to global society’ and ‘for all mankind’ (WHD p.iv) was ultimately not the intended result by the families personally involved in the Cornish exodus. The reader of the WHD is not reminded that , by far the majority of the exodus names are of Cornish language derivation, and therefore, of Celtic origin. The diffusion of Cornish mining technology around the globe, was, it should be noted, not the result of a benevolent global contribution by English people, but, the result of an enforced Cornish family exodus on the closure of many mines in Cornwall. The social impact is not investigated in the WHD. (Report p.9).
AA – Against the trend the population of Cornwall declined from 341,279 in 1841 to 330,686 in 1881. The Cornish homeland exodus represented an irresponsible loss of scientific and intellectual expertise. Yet another Celtic brain drain from the British Isles. (Report p.10).
WHD – “Mining practice in Cornwall was based on Stannary law, a codified version of customary mining traditions……..” (WHD p.42) (Report p.13). “The powers of the Stannary Parliament included the right to veto laws from the Parliament at Westminster………” (WHD p.23) (Report p.12).
Report pages 16 to 18 contain a copy of the Charter of Pardon 1508.
WHD – “Richard Trevithick - the first full sized locomotive in the world”.
(WHD p.96) (Report p.23).
AA – Why promote Stephenson? (Report p.24).
WHD – “Cornishness continues to have a unique international dimension”.
(WHD p.44) (Report p.25).
Wednesday, April 30 2008 @ 07:01 PM BST|
Contributed by: Admin
|Minorities signed Dialogue Forum in the European Parliament.|
Intergroup and FUEN/YEN formalize cooperation
Friday, March 07 2008 @ 01:19 PM GMT|
Contributed by: Admin
|STOP THE ABUSE OF POWER IN BRITAIN|
The control of power
United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, proclaims: “All persons are equal before the law and are entitled without discrimination to the equal protection of the law”, Article 26, and Article 27, “Ethnic minorities shall not be denied the right to enjoy their own culture or to use their own language”.
Monday, February 18 2008 @ 07:21 PM GMT|
Contributed by: Admin
|Human Rights - Australia leads the way|
The Prime Minister of Australia, Kevin Rudd, has apologised for official attempts to suppress the identity of the indigenous Aboriginal people.
Sunday, February 10 2008 @ 08:36 PM GMT|
Contributed by: Admin
The Editor, 11th February 2008
The West Briton,
The talented and skilfully assembled inaccuracies of your West Briton report of 7th February 2008 under the title “Questions over suspect’s treatment” arouses the suspicion of the press exploiting the freedom of the press.
No contact was made with the Cornish Stannary Parliament by the West Briton regarding the above article which reported incorrectly that three members of the Cornish Stannary Parliament were Police suspects.
The West Briton article also reported a statement by a member of the Celtic League that a member of the Cornish Stannary Parliament was questioned for 10 hours on 16th January. This is completely untrue. The CSP is not responsible for the past, present or future actions or statements made by members of the Celtic League whether named or unnamed in the article or whether resident in the UK or Spain.
The West Briton deserves “The Boot Lickers Award of the Year” for its cringing support for Police persecution of a member of the Cornish Stannary Parliament. The surveillance techniques available to the Police would long since have revealed to them that the one Stannary suspect, along with other members of the Cornish Stannary Parliament, no doubt suspects by association, has been involved in legitimate and legal research into the constitutional position of the Duchy of Cornwall. The problem is that certain elements of society have the freedom to criminalize the messengers whose research exposes constitutional secrets as the basis and reason for an unwritten constitution. There is also no legal foundation for the Duchy of Cornwall to claim the private estate status which enables it to profit from the absence from English law of a guaranteed right to equality before the law. Equality before the law should be provided for everyone in Britain as a constitutional right in force world-wide under Article 7 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948.
Why does the media fail to investigate the reason why innocent people are not protected from the abuse of power and openly challenge the results of research published on the
...for and on behalf of
The Cornish Stannary Parliament.
West Briton article here
Tuesday, February 05 2008 @ 07:57 PM GMT|
Contributed by: Admin
|The JUSTICE proposals for “A British Bill of Rights” recognises at para. 39, page 29, that: “Over the past decade there has been increasing recognition that access to equality and protection from discrimination under UK law is piecemeal and, at times, ineffective”. |