Duchy Property Privileges Challenged!

De Wrotham's Charter of 1198 - From 1198 to 1838 coinage tax was levied on tin production (coinage) in Cornwall at twice the rate (60 pence per thousand-weight) as that applicable to Devon (30 pence) under the English custom of double taxing 'foreigners'. (Coinage tax:- 'Tin in Social and Economic History', page 13, E.S.Hedges, Director International Tin Council, Publ.Ed.Arnold, London,1964; 'The Stannaries', pages 85 & 234/5, G.R.Lewis, Harvard University,1908; Foreigners double tax:- Coke 4th Inst.33; c.1609; Constitutional History of England', Vol.2, 1200-1400; pages 554/5, Stubbs, Clarendon Press, 1906; The Reign of Henry VII', page xlvii; Vol.1, A.R.Pollard, Longmans Green, London 1913).*/ **/***

Equality before the law was not intended.

Registration of Pre-Roman Prescriptive interests in land in Cornwall
by the Cornish Stannary Parliament (Items 1-46)

With ever increasing property values and second home sales, young Cornish people are being locked out of the homes market and deprived of hope for the future. The Cornish Stannary Parliament believes that now is the time to register a challenge to the property privileges of the Duchy of Cornwall. The following claim was sent to the Land Registry, Crownhill, Plymouth, on 28th September 2004.

Registration of Pre-Roman Prescriptive interests in land in Cornwall
by the Cornish Stannary Parliament (Items 1-46)

A history of the absence of a statutory guarantee of equality before the law in English law and its impact on land, rivers, foreshore, and mineral ownership interests in Cornwall.

(1) 300BC - "The inhabitants of Britain who dwell about the promontory known as Belerion (Kernow) are especially hospitable to strangers and have adopted a civilised manner of life because of their contact with merchants of other peoples. They it is who work the tin, treating the bed which bears it in an ingenious manner…….." (Diodorus Siculus c50BC Roman historian, from the account of the Greek navigator Pytheas of Massalia). (Tin in Antiquity.R.D. Penhallurick, Institute of Metals, London 1986)

The civilised Cornish in pre-Roman times.

(2) 936AD - The Cornish expelled from Devon by King Athelstan. (Anglo-Saxon England, F.M. Stenton, Clarendon Press 1947, page 337)

(3) Domesday 1086 - No entry of royal claim to the rivers, foreshore, mines, minerals or stannaries of Cornwall. (Lead mines of Derbyshire claimed).

"Stannaries" - the administrative, legal and legislative organisation developed by and for the tin mining community of Cornwall.

The exclusion of the Stannaries from the Domesday record indicates that they were not the property of Edward the Confessor (1042-1066) and, consequently, do not fall under the category of Terra Regis. This has been disregarded to assert Crown property or "our royal stannaries". From 1198 to 1838 the indigenous Cornish were economically recognised as a separate race by being charged the conventional English double tax on foreigners, (4 Co.Rep. 33). This institutionalised bias took the form of a double "coinage", a tax on tin production, in Cornwall as compared to the rate levied on the relatively recently arrived English speaking tinners of Devon (G.R.Lewis,'The Stannaries",Harvard University, 1908, p.85 & 234/5).

The prescriptive rights of the Stannaries as Cornish property accepted.


(5) Magna carta 1297 - Article 29 "……..no freeman shall be disseised of his freehold, or liberties or free customs…….."

Unlike the 'for ever', or inalienable, Duchy of Cornwall charters, the Magna Carta provision of 'for ever' has long since been disregarded.


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